Ladder Safety - Part I
There is absolutely no reason for anybody to get hurt,
disabled or killed while using a ladder. Yet it happens every
single day. Somebody steps on the safety sticker that says
"This is not a step!" and ends up with a broken leg.
Another worker puts a rock under one of the legs because the
ladder is "just not quite stable enough". On the way to
the hospital, it occurs to her, through the pain of her broken
arm, that maybe that was not such a good idea after all. On
another job, a fellow reaches out just a little bit to far
and...well...he's no longer with us. Virtually every single
ladder accident could and should have been prevented. It only
takes a little bit of common sense, LADDER SAFETY SENSE, to prevent a
accident from occurring while using ladders. Stick to the
following simple rules to ensure that you or your fellow workers
are never injured while using a ladder.
- CHOOSE THE RIGHT LADDER: Always select a ladder which is
the correct length to safely reach the working height.
Also ensure that the ladder is of the correct duty, or
weight rating. The combined weight of the user, their
tools and materials should NEVER exceed the rating of the
ladder. Most ladders are available with weight ratings of
200, 225, 250 and 300 lbs. Select the right one or GET
the right one. The proper sizes can be found in the relevant safety meeting.
- CHECK THE CONDITION OF THE LADDER: Read all the labels on
the ladder then check for split or cracked side rails,
missing or broken rungs, loose rungs or other weaknesses.
Also check for splinters and sharp edges.
- PLACE THE LADDER WITH YOUR SAFETY IN MIND: Use your head
and think safety before you setup the ladder. Make sure
the ladder has firm footing and that it's feet are
one-quarter the length of the ladder away from the
upright surface to be climbed. Don't use a step ladder as
a single ladder. If you are using a step ladder, make
sure it is fully open with the spreaders properly locked.
- CLIMB THE LADDER CAREFULLY. Keep your mind on where you
are and what you're doing. Wear the proper shoes with
good soles and that are free of grease or mud. Always
face the ladder and use both hands when climbing up or
down. Don't carry your tools or materials: raise and
lower them with a hand line: don't have someone toss
them up to you or just drop them when you are finished.
If you don't feel well, DON'T climb the ladder. Always
climb and work from the center of the ladder. Don't climb
up the "back" side of a step ladder and never
stand on the top of it.
- NEVER OVERREACH! MOVE THE LADDER INSTEAD:
Breaking this one simple rule causes more accidents than
you can possibly imagine.
- TIE OFF THE LADDER: Once you have climbed to your working
height, tie-off the ladder and use a safety belt.
- TAKE CARE OF YOUR LADDERS: When you are finished with
your ladder, put it back where it belongs. Always keep
them clean and free of excess material. Store them in a
safe and dry place, out of direct exposure to the sun and
the elements. Make sure your ladders are tied down during
transit. Never paint a wooden ladder. You can however use
clear wood preservatives.
Your ladder is one of your most important tools.
It is also is one or your most unforgiving if misused or
mistreated; so use it safely and wisely. Always read the documentation from your safety training and/or safety manual.